Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta) is the capital of the Indian West Bengal Indian state. It is located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it is more than 300 years old city, and it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational center of East India. The city of Kolkata has 4.5 million residents, and the metropolitan area, including suburbs, has a population of approximately 15.7 million, making it the third most populous metropolitan area in India and the 13th most populous urban area in the world. The city is also classified as the eighth largest urban agglomeration in the world.
Kolkata was the capital of India during British rule. The city is documented history, however, begins with the arrival of the East India Company in 1690, when the Company was consolidating its trade business in Bengal. Job Charlock, an administrator with the company was traditionally credited as the founder of the city. In 2003 high court order states that the city should not have a specific founder. While the city name was always pronounced Kolkata in the local Bengali language, its official name was changed from Calcutta to Kolkata in 2001.
Place to visit in Kolkata: