During your tour to India, you will have a great tourism experience that will linger your mind forever. Further, several spiritual leaders and founders of many popular religions of modern India have developed in India. Here you will see many interesting places that will depict India’s culture, history, tradition, heritage and geographical beauty. Here’s a list of top 20 heritage sites in India for your kind perusal.
1.Taj Mahal, Agra:
The Taj Mahal of Agra in India is one of the 7 wonders of the world and one of the most famous buildings in India. Agra district of Uttar Pradesh is also known as the historical city of India for its number of historical tourist attractions such as Taj Mahal,Fatehpur Sikri and the famous sister monument,Agra Fort. also known for its beautiful Mughal gardens,great gates and symbol of India’s rich history.
2.Humayun Tomb, Delhi:
Delhi’s Humayun Tomb – one of the most popular heritage destinations of India. Humayun was son of the first Mughal Emperor of India. Haji Begum, Humayun’s Persian wife, looked after the construction, which began in 1569 (fourteen years after Humayun’s death). The tomb stands in the centre of a square garden, and causeways (charbagh) separate this Mughal Tomb into four main gardens. Further, there are water-channels in the centre. You can enter this enclosure through two majestic double-storied gateways situated on the west and south.
3.Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Madhya Pradesh:
The Khajuraho Group of Monuments are famous for their nagara-style architectural symbolism and their erotic sculptures. Temples of Khajuraho are dedicated to two religions namely Hinduism and Jainism named as Chausath jogini temple,Jain temples of Khajuraho and Kandariya Shree Mahadeva temple, one of the 20 temples at Khajuraho. Madhya Pradesh heritage monuments tourism also includes Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi,Orchha Palace and Mandu a ruined city.
4.Red Fort, Delhi:
Red Fort is one of the oldest fort in India. It is also known as Lal Qila / Lal Qil’ah. Red Fort was built up by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Ustad Ahmad, the architect of Red Fort constructed it with mughal style. It was declared as world heritage site monument in 2007.
5.Ajanta & Ellora Monuments in Maharashtra:
Ajanta and Ellora Caves are the pride representatives of India’s architectural heritage. These two mind-blowing caves are world famous for their cave shrine that has been cut from rock all by using hand. These caves were hidden for a long time until it was discovered by the British Army officer John Smith during a hunting expedition in the year 1819. Ajanta Caves has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The paintings and sculptures present in these rock-cut caves are just awe-inspiring.
6. Fatehpur Sikri in Uttar Pradesh:
Fatehpur Sikri, a premier example of Mughal architecture in India, is a popular tourist destination in the northern part of the country. It is mainly a historical city and was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in the 16th century. Initially it was known as Fatehbad, and then later on it acquired the name of Fatehpur Sikri. Being the first planned city by the Mughals, it is the combination of three cultures- Indian, Islamic and Persian architecture.
7.Jama Masjid, Delhi:
Jama Masjid located in Old Delhi is the largest in India. It was constructed between 1644 and 1658 and is Shah Jahan’s last architectural opus. This extravagant mosque possesses three great gates, four towers and two 40 m-high minarets. With intricate carvings and verses of the holy Koran etched, the walls add to enhance the beauty of Jama Masjid. The cabinet in the north gate has a collection of Muhammad’s souvenirs – the Koran written on deerskin, a red beard-hair of the prophet, his sandals and his footprints, which are embedded in a marble block.
8.Sun Temple, Konarak, Orissa:
Sun Temple situated on the bank of the Bay of Bengal, embracing the rays of the glistening sun, the temple at Konarak represents sun god Surya’s chariot. Chariot’s 24 wheels are graced with beautiful designs and it is headed by six horses. Constructed in the 13th century, the temple is one of India’s most famous Brahman sanctuaries and portrays the grace, the joy and the rhythm of Kalinga life.
9.Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu:
Mahabalipuram is one of the most wondrous tourist destinations in South India. These temples are truly fascinating to the hilt. The beautiful beaches, serene environment, ancient temples and rich cultural heritage attract tourists from all around the globe. Some major attractions of Mahabalipuram include Shore Temple, Arjuna Penance and Pancha Rathas.
10.Mahabodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya, Bihar:
Mahabodhi Temple is one of the most popular tourist destination in Bihar. It is also one of the oldest religious place in Bihar. It is located in Bodh Gaya in Bihar state. It has been declared as World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.